In addition to traditional culturing techniques, researchers are now incorporating primary lung epithelial cells on microchips to better mimic the in vivo cellular environment.
Liver disease is more common that you think. Liver diseases pose a significant and rapidly growing problem for national health care systems throughout the world.
Primary human intestinal cells are ideal to study intestinal physiology, model the pathophysiology of gastrointestinal disease, and evaluate the efﬁcacy or toxicity of orally administered drugs during preclinical development.
Because nephrotoxicity may affect one or more kidney cell types, the identification and evaluation of potential nephrotoxic effects is a challenging endeavor for pharmaceutical scientists.